1 Samuel is the 9th book of the Bible and in order to see and understand the powerful truths in this book of the Bible, we need know where we are in the history of redemption. We can place 1 Samuel after the following C’s:
Creation– God created everything in Genesis 1-2 and therefore is lord of all. (Genesis 1-2)
Corruption– Sin came to the earth through one man, Adam and the world became marked by corruption and sin. But God did promise that he would send a seed of the woman who would one day crush the head of the serpent. Things got so bad though that God sent a flood a started over with Noah, yet Noah, like Adam, also fell into sin (Genesis 3-11)
Call– With all the sin in the world, it was clear we could not fix the world. God has to fix it, and he promises he will, through a man named Abraham. Abraham is called to leave his home and go to a place that God will multiply his offspring and bring blessing to the earth. In his old age, God gives Abraham a son numbed Isaac. Isaac gives birth to Jacob, and Jacob has 12 sons who become the 12 tribes of Israel. (Genesis 12-50)
Captivity– These 12 sons have lots of children, yet they all become slaves in the Land of Egypt. But God remembers his promise to Abraham (see “call” above) and leads them out of captivity into the wilderness. (Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy)
Conquest– God leads the Israelites into the wilderness where he gives them a law. After a generation of judgment due to sin, God gives the land of Israel that he promised to Abraham to his decedents just like he promised. He does this though the conquest of the land under Joshua. (Joshua)
Cycles– It seems at first as if everything is going to be perfect. The promises to Abraham seem to be fulfilled. Yet there is a problem. The serpent has not yet been defeated and sin still reigns. God’s people fall into a cycle of sin and they “do what is right in their own eyes”. Things get so bad and God has to raise up Judges to deliver the people from their enemies. But the judges are often just as corrupt as the people. (Judges)
As you can see, 1 Samuel begins with Israel in great desperation: God’s deliverance is needed again.
Listen to my introduction sermon to 1 Samuel here.