Sermon: The Wise & The Fool 1 Samuel 25

  1. The Request of David v. 4-8
  1. The Response of Nabal v. 9-11
  1. The Reaction of David v.12-17
  1. The Reverence of Abigail v. 18-31
  1. The Renewal of David v. 32-35
  1. The Retribution of God v. 36-38

Sermon: 1 Samuel 15 The Delight of Obedience & the Hacking of Agag

Introduction- How People Often Respond to God’s Demand of Perfect Obedience:

  1. Living in sin
  2. Living in fear and self-condemnation
  3. Better option: the gospel

Sermon Points:

  1. It is easy to obey easy commands (v. 1-9)
  2. But God delights in total obedience (v. 10-23)
  3. Partial obedience leads to complete rejection (24-35)
  4. Though Saul failed, a better king is still to come! (v. 28)

Broken by no human hand

In Daniel 8, we see the little horn, Antiochus Ephiphanes, terrorize God’s people for 6 years.  God showed it to Daniel in a vision so that they would know what was coming.  He assured them that this little horn would be broken—but by no human hand.  At the same time, God let them know that this discipline was the result of their sin.

There may be some of you, young people, who think that you’re pretty invincible—death or disease seem like a remote possibility; you may be tempted to give your lives over to all kinds of sin and abuse.  You don’t have to go far to see the effects of sin in this world: it’s in your school; it’s on your street; people wandering around, slaves to their sin.  If they could see on the outside what is going on, on the inside—in their hearts—they would see that where they are going leads to death.  Their hearts are rotting, just like the flesh of Antiochus Ephiphanes who was broken by no human hand; but it doesn’t have to be that way.

Those of us who perhaps fall into the adult category: most of us have reached a point where we think that we’ve got it pretty well figured out; we do a lot of good things; we come to church; but it may be that just like God’s people, Israel, we’re serving more than one God.  You see it wasn’t that Israel had forsaken God completely.  Many of them still went through the motions: they heard from God’s Law; they went to the temple to worship; they did pretty good things; but God wasn’t enough for them.  They looked around at their neighbors; they saw the wicked prospering; they saw the allurements of the world, and so they went after those things as well.  And they got caught up in it.  Over time, it became less and less about God and more and more about you.  But rest assured that God disciplines those He loves.  Do you suffer for the sake of discipline or not putting God first or are you being broken for forsaking & blaspheming God?

Charts for Daniel 7

The Vision of Daniel 7

Vision Kingdom Date Given (by God)
1 Lion w/eagle’s
Babylon 625-539 BC Mind like a man
2 Bear w/1 side higher than other Medo-Persia 539-331 BC Instructions to conquer
3 Leopard w/4 wings,
4 heads
Greece 331-63 BC Dominion
4 Dreadful beast Rome 63 BC-? Judgment against this beast
10 horns 10 kings/
Little horn Antichrist
  Son of Man Christ’s 30/33 AD-Eternity Dominion, glory, and a kingdom; all types of people serve him

The Vision of Daniel 2 & 7 compared








Head of Gold

Chest/Arms of Silver

Middle/Thighs of Bronze

Legs of Iron & Feet of Iron/Clay



Lion w/eagle’s

Bear w/1 side higher than other

Leopard w/4 wings, 4 heads

Dreadful beast

Son of Man

Who are the spirits in prison in 1 Peter 3:19, Two Views

1 Peter 3:18-20 gives us the context; it says,

For Christ also suffered once for sins, the righteous for the unrighteous, that he might bring us to God, being put to death in the flesh but made alive in the spirit, in which he went and proclaimed to the spirits in prison, because they formerly did not obey, when God’s patience waited in the days of Noah, while the ark was being prepared, in which a few, that is, eight persons, were brought safely through water.

(1) First view (Thomas Schreiner, John MacArthur, among others share this view): Many conservative scholars today believe these spirits in prison are fallen angels that Christ pronounced judgment on (after his death and resurrection).  They say that Peter was influenced by 1 Enoch, a book of Jewish pseudapigraphal, or counterfeit, writings that claim to be written by whomever they are named for; but they were actually written some 200 years before Christ.  1 Enoch is about the Enoch in Genesis who was taken to heaven.  1 Enoch mentions fallen angels who marry and sleep with women in Noah’s day, producing children.  That’s what they believe Genesis 6 is about (quoted here in 1 Peter); that evil angels corrupted the human race by marrying and breeding with them.  And so God destroyed them in the flood and now preaches judgment on them.

(2) Second view (what I think; Wayne Grudem and Augustine share this view): The context of 1 Peter gives us a clue.  In 1 Peter 1:10-11 we see that the Spirit of Christ indwelt Old Testament prophets; He spoke in them and through them.  And so it appears that Christ is preaching through Noah to those who would not repent during the time it took Noah to build the ark.  In fact, 2 Peter 2:5 calls Noah a herald, or preacher of righteousness.  Noah must have had conversations with his contemporaries about why he was building the ark, warning them of the coming judgment.  So, Christ spoke through Noah to living people on earth; not angels, but living, breathing, sinful man—those who did not repent, those who were judged, and those who now reside in prison in spirit form, waiting for that great day of final judgment.  God had said that His Spirit would not dwell with man forever (Gen 6:3), yet mercy was extended through warning.  That warning was refused.  I think that best fits the context.  People are going to revile you even when you do right, but just as Noah did, appeal to them with a good conscience telling them of the deliverance available, to flee from coming judgment.

Regardless of what view you take, Peter’s main point remains: God is righteous in his judgment, just as He was in the days of Noah.